The influence of anionic mineral species on the decomposition of ozone in water was studied. The experiments involved the anions SO42-, PO43-, BO33-, SiO22-, NO3-, HCO3-+ CO32- at concentrations identical to those usually found in drinking water. The manipulations were carried out with a simple experimental procedure which allowed to determine whether or not the mineral species had an influence on this decomposition and to observe thereof the effect of the pH. A laboratory pilot made of glass and teflon, in order to eliminate any traces of organic compounds, was used.
Results of this work prove that only the carbonates and bicarbonates have a notable influence on this decomposition and that the pH interferes by disrupting the bicarbonate-carbonate equilibrium. The theoretical equation established without organic compounds by YURTERI and GUROL (1988) is verified.
The order of the reaction varies from 1 to 2. The order is 1 when the amount of bicarbonates is weak (30 mg/l). The order is 2 in the case of a 300 mg.l-1 concentration when the basic pH changes the equilibrium towards the carbonates. For 300 mg.l-1 concentrations and a neutral pH, the order of the reaction reaches values from 1,5 to 2. In the case of an order 1, the constant rate of the oxidant decomposition by hydroxyle ion OH¯ is calculated. Its value is 80 l.mol-1 s-1.
Ozone, drinking water, experimental procedure, reaction kinetics, carbonates and bicarbonates.
Sens, M.L., Laboratoire de Chimie des nuisances et Génie de l'Environnement, Ecole nationale supérieure de chimie de Rennes, Avenue du Général-Leclerc, 35700 Rennes Beaulieu, France