Soil Aquifer Treatment (SAT) is being studied as a means of water quality renovation of a secondary effluent for potable reuse. During SAT, infiltration of effluent through the vadose zone provides removal of effluent organic matter primarily through biodegradation, and to a lesser extent, through sorption. A major concern is that effluent organic matter can function as disinfection by-product (DBP) precursors upon recovery and post-disinfection. Through laboratory simulations of SAT, we have found that 50 - 60 % of the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) present in secondary effluent can potentially be removed by biodegradation, with preozonation increasing removal to 60 - 70 %. The resultant water contains DOC at levels comparable to a typical surface water used for potable purposes; moreover, upon chlorination, regulated DBPs are formed at levels below or near the United States of America's drinking water standards. However, significant nitrification was observed in our SAT simulations with an un-nitrified effluent, yielding levels of nitrate above the USA drinking water standard.
Organic matter, biodegradability, wastewater, ozone, geofiltration.
G Amy, University of Colorado at Boulder, USA